Early diagnosis

The self-examination, mammography, ultrasound

In Italy, more pap test mammograms

The prevention of breast cancer could be translated in early diagnosis. The self-examination is the most simple and affordable for everyone.

It is also important to spend some time to the screening tests: mammography, to be carried out once a year, is the most important test for women over 50 years.

In 30 to 50 years old,  the ultrasound examination seems to be more effective.

Despite the importance of mammography screening in Italy there is the "paradoxical situation" so that mammograms are less than Pap test.

Nationally it is estimated that just under one in five women (18 percent) have tested the screening mammography as a preventive measure individual (ranging from 8, 5 per cent to 41.1 per cent of Umbria, Liguria ), compared with about one in three women of the cervical screening (37 percent).

The detection rate of invasive cancers less than or equal to 1 cm is around 18 per 1000 examinations at the first call and 1, 28 in the case of repeated tests, the proportion of in situ lesions amounted to 13.3 to initial examination and 14.7 in the second test.

These figures are much lower than in the North where the detection rate of invasive lesions rose to 5.4 per 1000 examinations, although unfortunately there is still a high recall rate.

The potential number of new cancers diagnosed early, if they were extended throughout Italy bands screening, could be about 1,100 cancers in people aged between 45 and 49 years and about 1,700 tumors in the range between 70 and 74. Currently,screening programs in advance about 6,000 diagnosed cases of cancer annually, accounting for 35 per cent of breast cancers that occur in a year between 50 and 69 years, that is the ideal target population for screening.

(Source: http://www.sanitaincifre.it/)